The World Wide Web Consortium released SOAP Version 1.2 as a W3C Recommendation. The Recommendation is four documents: the “SOAP Version 1.2 Primer,” “SOAP Version 1.2 Messaging Framework,” “SOAP Version 1.2 Adjuncts,” and the “SOAP Version 1.2 Assertions and Test Collection.” Developed by the W3C XML Protocol Working Group, SOAP Version 1.2 is a lightweight protocol for exchanging structured information in a decentralized, distributed environment such as the Web.