A NoSQL (originally referring to “non SQL”, “non relational” or “not only SQL“) database provides a mechanism for storage and retrieval of data which is modeled in means other than the tabular relations used in relational databases. Such databases have existed since the late 1960s, and include document databases, and XML databases, which along with object-oriented databases (OODB), focus on managing unstructured data or semi-structured data.  “NoSQL” became popular in the early twenty-first century, triggered by the needs of Web 2.0 companies such as Facebook, Google, and Amazon.com. NoSQL databases are increasingly used in big data and real-time web applications. NoSQL systems are also sometimes called “Not only SQL” to emphasize that they may support SQL-like query languages.